2 August 2014, 08:30
Słonecznie
Słonecznie
21°C
odczuwalna: 22°C
aktualne ciśnienie: 1020 mb
wilgotność: 77%
prędkość wiatru: 3 m/s E
Wiatr w porywach: 3 m/s
UV-Index: 2
wschód słońca: 04:59
zachód słońca: 20:43
 
August 2014
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The history of Gdansk

  • As indicated by archaeological research since the seventh in the area of ​​present town istnieniała craft fishing village. Findings indicate the existence of the Lusatian culture, culture and Slavic population of the Roman period.
  • Gdańsk as the city was first mentioned in “The Life of St. Adalbert,” written by John Kanapariusz in 999 in Rome.
  • In the tenth century at the mouth of the Vistula River was fortified Pomeranian dukes. Castle was a semi-obwiedziony drewniamym embankment and a moat, and a settlement was connected to a wooden bridge. Local princes gladly accepted and embedded in Podgrodzie, which started to become a city of merchants and craftsmen.
  • In the years 1115-1119 Bolesław III Krzywousty joined the Polish Pomerania. But after his rule in Pomerania by Świętopełk, there was a period of independence from the Polish Gdansk Pomerania. The basis of the then sprawling city was still fishing and growing trade. To the city were coming more and more settlers from Germany.
  • In 1242 he reached the driveway of the Teutonic Gdańsk.
  • 1260 years of Papal Bull of Alexander IV granted the town the right to organize annual fairs St. Dominic.
  • In 1263 the town received city rights from the hands of the Duke of Pomerania Świętopełk II.
  • In 1308 the Crusaders captured the castle by stealth, and built a new castle. The monks from scratch organized urban center of rajcami and mayor.
  • In 1343 the Bank entered into a peace treaty with the Teutonic Knights, which resulted in King Casimir III the Great Released Gdańsk Pomerania.
  • About 1400 in Gdansk team consisted of four members – the Chief, Old and Young City and Osieka.
    In 1410 the council decided to consider the power of Gdansk Wladyslaw Jagiello. Gdańsk was the surrounding villages.
  • In 1440 under pressure from the Teutonic town joined the Prussian Union.
  • As a result, Thirteen Years’ War in 1454 the city returns to the act issued by the Polish Casimir incorporation into Polish Prussia.
  • Granted in 1457 by Casimir the privileges allowed Gdansk great prosperity for the next 300 years.
    In the seventeenth century, began the so-called. golden period of Gdansk. At that time the city was considered one of the largest and richest in Europe.
  • In 1772, following an initial partition of Polish, the town is cut off from the territory of the Polish Kingdom of Prussia.
  • After the second Polish partition in 1793, the town goes to Prussia.
  • July 9, 1807, as a result of the Napoleonic Wars Gdańsk is the first time a Free City.
  • Since February 1814 years Gdańsk again came under the dominion of Prussia, as a result of new boundaries established course.
  • In the years 1869-1879 was constructed drainage system, water supply, operates a gas plant, the first line of horse trams, municipal swimming pool was created in Westerplatte, the City Museum was built. In 1904, Gdansk University of Technology was opened.
  • Gdańsk from 1920 through the Treaty of Versailles is a free city again.
  • In 1925, the Free City of Danzig was established Archdiocese.
  • September 1, 1939 German attack on Westerplatte started World War II. In March 1945 during the so-called. was liberated by Soviet troops and Polish Gdańsk suffered major damage.
  • In 1946 Gdańsk was the seat of the Gdańsk region.
  • During the events of December 1970, began a strike in the Gdansk Shipyard. August 31, 1980 signed an agreement of August, ending a wave of workers’ protests and strikes.